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Book Title: From Lenin to Stalin|
The author of the book: Victor Serge
Date of issue: April 1st 2000
ISBN 13: 9780873488846
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 348 KB
Edition: Pathfinder Press (NY)
Read full description of the books From Lenin to Stalin:Serge wants to convince us in this work that Russia went from Leninism, which is good socialism and true revolutionary marxism (for the authors point of view); to Stalinism that the author correctly identifies as fascism of the beaurocracy. He wants to convince us that the russian revolution was stolen by Stalin. I do not agree with him ! I will firstly speak about the author and the book and then about some politics and ideologies.
Serge is one of those few marxist (former anarhist) who is actually relevant and important to read. This book despite my ideological disagreements (as in all of his books when he dose politics) was a wonderful book full of spirit.
At one point as he describes Stalin's purges it felt like he was a marxist Solzhenitsyn writing another Gulag Archipelago, a version in which he focuses more on the suffering, purge and killing of the men who fought in the civil war and who brought the communists to power, the old communists. Serge himself declares himself a marxist, but I really doubt he is truly a marxist, despite ... Not only he kept his soul and retained a very strong moral code, but he also has remarkable insight into economics that I did not expect from a marxist. In my opinion he was a marxist more out of historical context and the limited set of ideas he got exposed to.
And now on the ideological side of the debate. Basically we see here three forms of revolutionary marxism that people claim are diffrent and appear in Serge's description of events: Marxism-Leninism, Trotskyism and Stalinism. Serge belives that the first 2 are the same and that the last is a false, the main thesis of his book. I say all 3 are the same form of revolutionary marxism first developed by Lenin ! Thus, there is not a transition from Leninism to Stalinism (two different systems) but the initial system born from the russian revolution of October remains the same and unravels itself to the naive idealists who Serge is a prime representative. Serge and Trotsky failed to see that the logical conclusion of Leninism is the Stalinism state. Trotsky claimed that Stalin's revolution in one country and stopping of world revolution was not marxism leninism... but lenin spoke also about this and Stalin's actions are in accord with Lenin's thoughts. The way the state evolved into a highly centralized totalitarian form was inevitable if they also wanted to stop what they call opportunistic capitalism and to efficiently mold society into socialism.
In the end Serge is a tragic person... A good person on the wrong side of history... He is relevant and should be read, analyzed and where needed criticized with objectivity.
Read information about the authorVictor Lvovich Kibalchich (В.Л. Кибальчич) was born in exile in 1890 and died in exile in 1947. He is better known as Victor Serge, a Russian revolutionary and Francophone writer. Originally an anarchist, he joined the Bolsheviks five months after arriving in Petrograd in January 1919, and later worked for the newly founded Comintern as a journalist, editor and translator. He was openly critical of the Soviet regime, but remained loyal to the ideals of socialism until his death.
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